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India factory activity growth slows in February on weak demand

By Ritu,

Capital Sands

India’s factory activity growth slowed in February from the previous month’s eight-year high due to a modest weakening in demand and output, although overall conditions remained firm, a private survey showed on Monday.

The Nikkei Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index, compiled by IHS Markit, fell to 54.5 last month from January’s 55.3, above a Reuters poll forecast of 52.8.

It has stayed above the 50-point threshold mark, which separates growth from contraction, for over two years.

“Factories in India continued to benefit from strong order flows in February, from both the domestic and international markets,” Pollyanna De Lima, principal economist at IHS Markit, wrote in a release.

“The pick-up in demand meant that companies were able to further lift production and input buying at historically-elevated rates.”

While the latest survey showed the new orders sub-index, a proxy for domestic demand, slipped to 57.5 in February, it remained above the long-term average since the index was introduced in March 2005.

That encouraged firms to maintain solid output.

However, foreign demand and optimism were weaker in February than in January on rising concerns the spread of coronavirus outside China would affect major Asian economies significantly.

That subdued mood pushed hiring activity to its lowest in three months.

On the price front, both input cost and output charge growth slowed last month, suggesting retail inflation may cool.

That would give policymakers some headroom to address key issues after the recent high inflation-low growth conundrum.

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